What is the hsCRP test?
Cardio C-reactive protein also known as high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) is a simple blood test. According to Dr. Bikram Keshari Mohnty, Senior Consultant Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery (Adult and Pediatric), Visiting Consultant at the National Heart Institute, “standard CRP or CRP is an inflammatory marker which means that whenever there is an infection anywhere in the body, the level of CRP rises.” C-reactive protein in the blood, which is more sensitive than standard CRP.In any healthy person, if the level of C-reactive protein is high, it is an indication or alarm that the individual has more possibilities of a blockage in the arteries of the heart, or a heart attack, Or sudden cardiac arrest, or stroke, or blockage in the arteries of the arms and legs in the future.”
Dr. Vivek Chaturvedi, Professor and Head of Cardiology, Amrita Hospital, Faridabad, adds, “Cardio C-reactive protein or HSCRP is a recently emerged test, available as part of various investigation packages. It is a marker of low-level or long-term chronic inflammation. Inflammation is The reaction of our bodies against infection, stress and some autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis etc. When after an insect bite we see red spots appear on our skin, this is due to inflammation.Inflammation is suitable in the short term, but it can be harmful to our bodies, if it lasts longer Low level of long-term inflammation in the heart has been linked to increased heart attack problems, sudden death, requirements for angioplasty or bypass etc. It has been found that people with persistently high hsCRP are at greater risk of heart disease such as compared to those without hsCRP high “.
It further states, “Cardio C Reactive Protein or hsCRP is only one part of the jigsaw puzzle and that is heart health. It should not be considered in isolation. Some studies have found that high levels of hsCRP increase risk even in the absence of other risk factors for disease.” The heart rate, but this is still controversial.However, we are quite confident that the risks from other heart disease risk factors (such as high blood pressure and diabetes) increase further in the presence of increased hsCRP.It is very important to remember that any recent infections can Can cause CRP and hsCRP to rise for several weeks.Therefore, it cannot be explained if you have had a recent infection or if you have some other autoimmune disease that can lead to high C-reactive protein level.Many healthy people contact me for consultation after feeling Concerned because of the hsCRP’s bold value that has been part of the so-called ‘whole body tests’, which have become very popular since the Covid pandemic! This certainly doesn’t mean you’re going to have a heart attack! Always, hsCRP results, just like any other test, should be interpreted in the context of my bed “.
What do the numbers say?
Large numbers indicate that a healthy person is more likely to develop heart diseases such as clogged arteries, heart attacks, sudden cardiac arrest, stroke and peripheral arterial disease in the future.
According to Dr. Anupam Joel, Director – Interventional Cardiology, Max Hospital, Saket, “Along with other risk factors and lipid profiles, elevated Hs-CRP can be a marker of higher CVD risk even in apparently healthy individuals and can be an indicator On the health of one’s heart.When CPR is elevated, it should be repeated twice, optimally for two weeks (in the case of an infection-free or acutely ill patient) to ensure that the person has persistently low levels of inflammation.The elevation of CRP It is a marker of inflammation only and is not specific for predicting heart disease. These values are only part of the overall assessment of heart disease and should be taken into account along with high cholesterol, diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking and other risk factors for cardiovascular disease.”
High CRP levels are always associated with other risk factors for heart disease including smoking, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome (a combination of high blood pressure, abnormal high blood sugar levels of lipids, And the excess. Fat).
Read more: Beware of the symptoms of a heart attack that appear before a month
Regular check up is important after 40
People over the age of 40 should have a regular annual cardiac examination which includes blood tests for each organ (kidney, liver, sugar and cholesterol), chest x-ray, ECG, echocardiogram, and treadmill test if necessary. If the individual falls into the high risk category for heart disease, which means if they have a family history of heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, a history of chronic smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, or obesity, especially if the individual has symptoms of heart disease such as pain Chest or discomfort, shortness of breath, etc., they should take these tests even before the age of 40 and consult a cardiologist.
Dr. Vivek explains: “There is a lot of controversy around executive exams and routine tests to take care of the health of your heart. People panic because every day we hear about people falling in the gym, while cycling etc. It is definitely recommended for everyone from the age of 30 Is regular BP check, weight measurement, and glucose and cholesterol measurements.Frequency can be determined on an individual basis depending on the underlying heart risk.Even 2-3 yearly tests for glucose and cholesterol, and annual blood pressure check are very reasonable for healthy people.People at risk of disease should be screened Heart for example, strong family history of heart disease, people with diabetes, obesity, recovering from serious COVID etc. frequently and also more widely with additional tests.These specialized tests may include kidney and urine, echocardiogram, etc. In stable patients at risk of heart disease, treadmill test or coronary calcium result may also be reasonable.In very few selected cases with etc. With a high incidence of the disease and atypical cardiac symptoms, computed tomography (CT) coronary angiography is also ordered.”
How do you maintain a healthy lifestyle for the heart?
A heart-healthy lifestyle has also been shown to reduce inflammation and reduce hsCRP. This includes complete avoidance of active and passive exposure to smoking and tobacco; Eating a healthy diet of mostly unprocessed foods that are high in fiber, maintaining an ideal body weight, and regular physical activity.
Dr. Ankur Vatarbekar, Director of Cathlab and Interventional Cardiologist, Symbiosis Hospital, Mumbai, “Various preventive measures that can be taken to maintain a healthy heart can be categorized as lifestyle modifications and drug-based treatments. The lifestyle modifications that can be undertaken are dieting. Balanced health, exercise regularly, maintain a healthy body weight, quit smoking, and reduce alcohol consumption.These lifestyle modifications also contribute to lowering the level of blood glucose and blood pressure that affects the heart.Medication treatments include cardiovascular disease therapies as well as treatment High cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, and high blood glucose.”
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